February, 2005, Dhaka, Bangladesh
AT A GLANCE
Geographically Bangladesh lies between 20- 34' and 26- 38' N latitude
and 88-01'and 92 41'E longitude. It has an area of 147,570 Sq.
km and occupies a strategic position in South and South East Asia.
It is bordered by India on three sides - West, North and East
and a short strip of land of Myanmar also borders in the East
while on the south lies the Bay of Bengal with its warm blue water.
The Bay of Bengal is rich in marine life and nurtures the precious
shrimps which are one of the country's major export items. The
Bay of Bengal is a gateway to South Asia, and merchant shipping
and world trade.
is a deltaic plain of the three major river systems of South Asia
- the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna. The land of the
country is formed with the alluvial soil of these rivers. Green
paddy fields and vegetation are found all around. There are some
hills on the North Eastern and South Eastern parts of the country
which are the extension of the Himalayan ranges in the South-East.
The most significant characteristic of the landscape of Bangladesh
is its extensive networks of rivers which contribute a great deal
to shape the socioeconomic life of the country.
Bangladesh falls in the sub-tropical region of the globe. Of the
three major seasons, winter is the shortest. Summer and Rainy
seasons are longer. In Winter - November to February temperature
varies from 28 to 20 degree celsius. In Summer - March to June-is
the hottest period when temperature varies from 20 to 34 degrees
celsius. The Rainy season-July to October- is the wettest period
of the year, when most rainfall occurs and rivers are full, and
temperature varies from 30 to 25 degree Celsius. Humidity varies
from 99% (July) to 40% (December).
The Population of Bangladesh is over 111.4 million, growth rate
now being 2.17%. Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated
countries (755 per sq. km.). 80% of the population lives in the
rural areas. Of the total population 47% are in the civilian labour
force, male 29.14% and female 17.86%.
Islam is the religion of the overwhelming majority (86.6%). Hindus
are 12.6% and Buddhists 0.2%, Christians 0.4% and others 0.02%.
All religious faiths are treated equally. All citizens enjoy complete
freedom of religion and worship.
Bangla' is the national and official language. English is taught
as a compulsory subject in schools, and it is also widely studied
at the tertiary understood, especially in urban areas. Arabic
is also taught and studied at schools and Madrasahs. Hundreds
of thousands of Muslims in Bangladesh read the Holy Koran.
Bangladesh inherited a well-developed education and training system
from the British, which has been further improved to meet the
national requirement. 27 General Universities 2 Universities of
Engineering and Technology, 2 Agricultural Universities, 1 Medical
University, 18 Medical Colleges, 4 Engineering Colleges, 4 Bangladesh
Institutes of Technology & 10 Agricultural Colleges are producing
every year hundreds of science, arts, commerce, engineering &
medical graduates. Besides, there are a large number of technical
institutions for training thousands of personnel in the much needed
trades and vocations.
Educational and Training Institutes:
1. General Universities 27
2. Engineering Universities 2
3. Medical University 1
4. Agricultural Universities 2
5. Medical Colleges 18
6. Engineering Colleges 4
7. Bangladesh Institute of Technology 4
8. Agricultural Colleges 10
9. Polytechnic Institutes 21
10. Colleges (General) 2845
11. Secondary Schools 12553
12. Primary Schools 78595
13. Technical Training Centers 13
14. Vocational Training Institutes 51
15. Nursing Colleges 20
16. Para-medical Institutes 30
17. Monotechnic Institutes 6
18. Islamic Institute of Technology 1
(Source: Bangladeshi Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division,
Ministry of Planning).
Dhaka is the capital. It is an old city established in early part
of the sixteenth century during the Mughal rule and was the capital
of the Sube Bangla. The Metropolitan area covers about 15 028.49
Sq km with a population of 10 million.
Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet and Barisal are the
The name of Bangladeshi currency is taka. It is convertible. At
present one U.S. dollar is equivalent 58.40 taka. Currency notes
of 500,100,50,20,10,5,2 & 1 taka denomination are available.
Coins of 5,1, 0.50, 0.25, 0.10.,0.05 and 0.01 taka are also in
Zia International Airport (ZIA) at Dhaka, Osmani International
Airport at Sylhet and Abdul Hannan International Airport at Chittagong,
besides a network of 8 domestic airports.
Bangladesh Biman, the National Flag Carrier, connects Dhaka with
many countries. Besides, various other airlines, such as Thai
International, Singapore Airlines, Emirates, Aeroflot, British
Airways, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Saudi,
Qatar Airways, Malaysian Airlines, Burma Airways Corporation,
Kuwait Airways, The Gulf Airlines, Cosmic Air, and Jet Airways
operate their flights from Dhaka and connect almost all the major
destinations of the world. Airlines like Lufthansa, Air France,
KLM, Japan Airlines & other GSAs also extend ticketing facilities
Rice, Wheat, Jute, Cotton, Tea, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses Oil
Seeds Spices, Potato, Green Vegetables, Banana, Mango, Coconut,
Pineapple, Watermelon etc are major crops.
Jute and Cotton Textiles, Garment, Tea, Sugar, Paper, Newsprint,
Cement, Fertilizer, Oil Refinery, General Engineering and Shipbuilding
Telephone Sets and Equipment, Electric Cables, Steel, Leather
Natural Gas and Oil, Lime Stone, Ceramic Clay, Glass Sand, Coal,
Jute and jute goods ready made garments, Hides & Skin, frozen
shrimp and fish, tea, vegetables, fruits and Handicrafts.
GMT + 6 Hours.